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《Acta Agrestia Sinica》 2013-04
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Preliminary Studies on the Introduction of Leymus chinensis 'Zhongke No.2' in Ningxia

MA Tian1,2,QI Dong-mei1,CHEN Yan3,MENG Jing3,WU Dong-bo3,SHI Xue-jun4, GUO Sheng-an5,LIU Hui1,LI Zhan-qing6,JIN Xiao-ming1,LIU Gong-she1(1.Key Laboratory of Plant Resources,Institute of Botany,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100093,China; 2.School of Agriculture,Ningxia University,Yinchuan,Ningxia 750021,China; 3.Ningxia Agricultural Comprehensive Development Office,Yinchuan,Ningxia 750002,China; 4.The Yanchi County Green Sea Alfalfa Industry Development Co.,Ltd.Yanchi,Ningxia 751500,China; 5.Ningxia Yanchi County Agricultural Comprehensive Development Office,Yanchi,Ningxia 751500,China; 6.Ningxia Pingluo County Agricultural Comprehensive Development Office,Pingluo,Ningxia 753400,China)  
The establishment of artificial pasture is an effective way to ease the conflicts between grass and livestock in Northern China and solve the problem of lagging pasture industrialization.The introduction of high-quality forage species is the premise of building good-quality artificial pastures.The growth of the new Leymus chinensis 'Zhongke No.2' variety introduced from Beijing was systematically evaluated in Yanchi with field experiment and indoor test in this study.Results showed that the plants grew well in Yanchi and the winter survival rate was over 95%.It needed two years to complete sexual reproduction and generate new seeds.Seed yield was high with seed setting rate of 86.8% and 1000-kernel weight of 2.7 g.The germination rate of the seeds harvested in this experiment was 74.4%.The fresh grass and hay output reached 38692 kg·hm-2 and 13174 kg·hm-2,respectively.Therefore,the 'Zhongke No.2' variety was suitable for planting in Yanchi and the similar regions.There was potential to establish a new source breeding base in Ningxia.
【Fund】: 中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向性项目(KSCX2-EW-B-5);; 宁夏农业综合开发土地治理科技推广项目(NTKJ-2012-03)(NNTK-11-04)(NTKJ-2013-03(1));; 国家高技术研究发展计划(863计划)(2011AA100209)资助
【CateGory Index】: S543.9
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