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《Acta Agrestia Sinica》 2015-01
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Effect of Different Revegetation Management Methods on the Soil and Vegetation Characteristics of Degraded Sandy Grassland

FU Biao;QI Yan-bing;CHANG Qing-rui;College of Resources and Environment,Northwest A&F University;Key Laboratory of Plant Nutrition and the Agri-environment in Northwest China,Ministry of Agriculture;  
Desertification has been widely treated as one of the major environmental hazards in the world by scientific communities and the public.Fortunately,local governments have recognized the harm of desertification and paid more attention to controlling desertification in degraded sandy grassland area.Artificial planting and fencing are usually the effective approaches used for desertification prevention,which will elevate vegetation coverage and prevent vegetation degradation.In this paper,soil and vegetation characteristics and their relationship were evaluated under 4 revegetation management modes(unenclosed natural management,enclosed natural management,unenclosed artificial management and enclosed artificial management),which have restoration about 15 years in the southern edge of Mu Us desert degraded sandy land area in Leilongwan Town,Hengshan County,Shaanxi province.The results indicated that the vegetation and soil characteristics of all tested management modes were improved after revegetation for 15 years compared with the mobile dune.Vegetation height,coverage and biomass significantly increased by 0.12~1.03 m,12.70%~53.18%and 7.27~29.08 g·m~(-2),respectively,soil bulk density decreased 0.12~0.27 g·cm~(-3) and soil total property increased 6.80%~17.01%,meanwhile soil organic matter,cation exchange capacity(CEC),total N,and available N,P and K improved significantly.The better qualities of vegetation and soil characteristics were observed in enclosed management mode compared to unenclosed mode,meanwhile the better ones were also found in artificial management mode compared to natural mode.Therefore,enclosed artificial revegetation is the optimal mode to obtain the best vegetation and soil effects.By the enclosed and artificial revegetation measures,the plant and soil gradually have formed an interaction system,in which plant height,coverage and biomass have significantly correlation with the soil organic,CEC and soil nutrients of the degraded sandy grassland.In order to improve vegetation restoration and accumulate soil nutrients,enclosure combined with artificial vegetation restoration is an appropriate revegatation management mode of degraded sandy grassland in the agro-pastoral transitional zone.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(31100516);; 中央高校基本科研业务费(QN2011075);; 国家高技术研究发展计划(863计划)(2013AA102401-2)资助
【CateGory Index】: S812
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