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《Chinese Journal of Sensors and Actuators》 2010-06
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Multiparameter Fire Detection Node Based on Wireless Sensor Network

LIU Shixing1,ZHANG Yongming2,GU Qindong11.School of Electronic Science& Applied Physics,Hefei University of Technology,Hefei 230009,China;2.State Key Laboratory of Fire Science,USTC,Hefei 230026,China  
Multiparameter fire detection nodes based on Wireless sensor network is designed,which can detect temperature,humidity and smoke concentration.The distorted fire rate is decreased with multiparameter coincidence technique.And a shortest path routing algorithm is proposed according to multi-hop transceiver based on CSMA/CA principle;the sensor nodes can connect each other automatically,the sensor data can be transmitted within minimum hops.Using this type nodes,a real-time fire monitoring system is built up.As the experiment result:the maximum distance of single hop transmission is 100m,the delay time of every hop within multi-hop communications is about 50ms,the sensitivity of fire smoke reaches the first class level,the parameter of humidity is used to eliminate the distorted effect of water vapor.
【Fund】: “十一五”国家科技支撑计划 以布达拉宫为代表的高原古建筑火灾安全技术研究课题资助(2006BAK0607)
【CateGory Index】: TP212.9;TN929.5
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