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《Fisheries Science》 2008-08
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The Establishment of Families of Gmelin Cyclina sinensis and Its Early Development

YANG feng1,ZHANG Yue-huan1,ZHAO Yue1,YAN Xi-wu1,LI Zhi-gang2,ZHANG Guo-fan3(1.College of Life Science and Technology,Dalian Fisheries University,Dalian 116023,China;2.Dandong Fishery Technical Extension Station,Dandong 118002,China;3.Institute of Oceanology,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Qingdao 266071,China)  
Six families of Gemelin Cyclina sinensis were established from the five broodstock clams derived from the same patch,and early development of each family was compared with 2006.The results showed that there was significant difference in shell length between two males(P0.05),while there was no significant difference in shell length among the three females(P0.05).Significant different fecundity was observed(P0.05),but no significant different egg-diameter was occurred(P0.05).There were significant differences between fertilizing rate and hatching rate in families(P0.01).In the larval stage(0~8 post-days),D larvae were significantly different in size between families of A1,A2,B1 and B2,C1,C2(P0.05),the minimal shell length in 8 day old larvae in family A1.In metamorphosis stage(8~12 post-days),the larvae had poor growth and different metamorphosis rate in the families(P0.01)except families C1 and C2,the metamorphosis period lasteford 2.67 days.In the juvenile stage(12~30 post-days),there were larger shell length in families A2,B1,and B2 than in the others,but no significant differece from 12 to 15 post-days(P0.05).In 20 post-day stage,the juveniles in family A2,and C1 had significantly larger shell length than others(P0.05);In 25 post-day stage,the family B1 had the least shell length(P0.05);In 30 post-day stage,the growth and survival rate of the juveniles had a descendant order of C2 C1 A2 A1B2 B1.The development of the larvae in the different families was impacted by their broodstocks,especially the maternal effect.
【Fund】: 辽宁省教育厅创新团队项目(2007T104)
【CateGory Index】: S917.4
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