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《Fisheries Science》 2011-06
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Effects of Environmental Factors on Survival and Behavior in Juvenile Cuttlefish Sepia pharaonis

WEN Jing,CAO Guan-rong,LI Shi-ying,CHEN Qiu-xia,CHEN Hai-dan,CHEN Mu-fei,CHEN Dao-hai(Department of Biology,Zhanjiang Normal University,Zhanjiang 524048,China)  
The effects of salinity,temperature and pH on survival and behavior in juvenile cuttlefish Sepia pharaonis were studied in a laboratory.The survival rates of the juveniles were found high( 80%) under a salinity of 23,28 and 33,water temperature of 17,20 and 23 ℃ and pH of 5.91,6.41,6.91,7.41,7.91,8.42,8.91 and 9.31.The juveniles had significantly different behaviors under suitable(water temperature of 17~23 ℃,salinity of 23~33,and pH 5.91~9.31) and unsuitable conditions.Moreover,the juveniles exhibited thermotaxis under the water temperature 30 ℃,indicating that the juveniles showed the high tolerance.The present study really provided important information for the aquaculture of S.pharaonis.
【Fund】: 广东省海洋渔业科技推广专项(A200899E01);; 湛江师范学院博士专项项目(ZL1011ZL1010)
【CateGory Index】: S917.4
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