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《Fisheries Science》 2011-07
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Biological Control of Vibriosis in Pacific White Leg Shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei Under Stresses of Nitrite Nitrogen by Bacteriophages

ZHOU Xian-jiao1,QIU De-quan2(1.Life Science and Technology Science School,Zhanjiang Normal University,Zhanjiang 524048,China;2.Fisheries College,Guangdong Ocean University,Zhanjiang 524025,China)  
The effect of Vibrio parahaemolyticus bacteriophage on vibriosis and the immunity was studied in Pacific white leg shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei by a toxicity experiment and under different nitrite nitrogen(0.005 mg/L,0.75 mg/L,1.50 mg/L and 3.00 mg/L).The V.parahaemolyticus was added into the nitrite nitrogen stress experiment groups,Thich were named the vibro infection experiment groups.The V.parahaemolyticus bacteriophage was added into the inffection experiment groups which were regarded as the bacteriophage control experiment groups.In the toxicity experiment,the shrimp had no significant difference in mortality between the bacteriophage control groups and the nitrite nitrogen stress groups(P0.05),but it has significant difference between the bacteriophage experiment control groups and the vibrio infection experiment groups(P0.05).The total hemocyte count among the three groups were aranged descedantly as the vibro infection roups,the bacteriophage control experiment groups,the nitrite nitrogen stress groups.All the activities of blood serum PO,SOD and ACP increased,and then decreased in all these test groups except the control group(0.005 mg/L);in the 0.005 mg/L,and 0.75 mg/L nitrite nitrogen groups,the activities of blood serum PO,SOD and ACP in the bacteriophage control groups were more than those in the vibrio infection groups(P0.05),which were less than those in the nitrite nitrogen stress groups(P0.05),on the 10th day,In the 1.50 mg/L and 3.00 mg/L nitrite nitrogen groups,the activities of blood serum SOD,and ACP in the bacteriophage control groups were more than those in the vibrio infection of(P0.05),which were less than the nitrogen stress groups(P0.05).All the results showed that the bacteriophage controled vibrosis effectly only under low concentration of nitrite nitrogen water;under the stress of high nitrite nitrogen,the bacteriophage could relieve the attact of the vibro to the shrimp.
【Fund】: 广东省自然科学基金资助项目(05011783);; 湛江市科技招标项目[湛财企(2004)4号]
【CateGory Index】: S945.4
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