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《Urban Environment & Urban Ecology》 2010-04
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Pollution Evaluation and Source Analysis of Heavy Metal in Urban Soil of Wuhu City

WANG Hai-dong,FANG Feng-man,XIE Hong-fang,WANG Xiang,HUANG Chun-hai(College of Territorial Resourses and Tourism,Anhui Normal University,Wuhu 241003,China)  
Nine heavy metals of 153 soil samples in Wuhu City were measured and evaluated,their pollution sources were analyzed by multivariate geostatistical methods.The results showed that the average contents of Zn、Fe、Mn、Cu、Pb、Co、Cd、Ni and Cr were 96.8、30 600.1、466.1、35.0、29.1、16.7、1.2、26.3、78.3 mg/kg,respectively.Contents of other elements were higher than the corresponding soil background values except for Fe,Mn,Ni.Zn,Cu,Pb,Co,Cd,Cr were 1.26,1.09,1.17,1.20,6.11,1.29 times of background values,respectively.These elements had accumulated to a certain extent.The single factor evaluation indicated that Cd was the most serious pollution,while Zn,Cu,Pb,Co and Cr were light pollution,and Fe,Mn and Ni no pollution.The comprehensive correlation,clustering and principal component analysis reflected that Fe and Mn for "natural source factor",the distribution of different function was mainly controlled by the soil material.Zn,Cu,Pb and Cd for "traffic and industrial activities factor".The highest value of Cu and Cd were distributed in the Development Area,and Zn,Pb in Jinghu District.Ni,Co and Cr for "agricultural activity",the space mutation was influenced by the soil materal and agricultural activities.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(40901258);; 安徽高校省级自然科学研究重点项目(KJ2009A137)
【CateGory Index】: X53
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