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《Urban Environment & Urban Ecology》 2010-06
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Spatial-temporal Characteristic of Urban Land Expansion in Harbin and Driving Mechanism Analysis

LI Jing1,2,ZHANG Ping-yu1,GUO Meng3,GUAN Li-min4,LIU Xue-wei5(1.Northeast Institute of Geography and Agricultural Ecology,CAS,Changchun 130012,China; 2.Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100049,China;3.Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-8589,Japan;4.Thermal Power Plan Department in Forestry Design Institute of Heilongjiang Province,Harbin 150080,China;5.Reconnaissance and Plan Institute of Land Resource in Heilongjiang Province,Harbin 150090,China)  
This paper extracted urban land expansion process of Harbin from 1989 to 2008 with multi-source data by RS and GIS.With the help of single land use type dynamic degree model and expansion elasticity coefficient model,spatial-temporal features of urban land expansion in the recent 20 years in Harbin had been analyzed.The results showed that,firstly,urban land area had increased 123.93 km2,and it was more rapid during the period from 1996 to 2002 and from 2002 to 2008 with the annual expansion rates of 3.24% or 3.52%.Secondly,the urban expansion scale fluctuated within the rational region from 1989 to 1996.The expansion was much too quicker than the rate of population increasing from 1996 to 2002.And urban land sprawled continuously,but it was slower than the population increasing rate from 2002 to 2008.Thirdly,the expansion in SWS from 1989 to 1996 was more obvious,where area reached 3.61 km2.From 1996 to 2002,the expansion area in NWN and SWW was much larger,which was 18.37 km2 and 8.78 km2 respectively.And the expansion was much concentrated in the direction of NWW,with the area of 20.45 km2,which was mainly caused by the large scale construction in Songbei District.Fourthly,the driving mechanism influencing urban land expansion in Harbin had been discussed on the aspects of economy increasing,population amount,traffic traction and policy and urban plan etc.,which was of some theory reference in directing the rational urban plan and promoting city in reasonable development.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金面上项目“三江平原垦区城镇化机制与空间组织研究”(41071108);; 国家自然科学基金重点项目“东北地区矿业城市人地系统脆弱性与可持续性研究”(40635030);; 中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目“辽宁沿海城市带地域功能与资源环境协调发展研究”“城镇密集区协调发展与支撑体系构建”(KZCX2-YW-342KZCX2-YW-321-04)
【CateGory Index】: F293.2
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