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《China Surfactant Detergent & Cosmetics》 2003-01
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An introduction to nanotechnology and nanomaterial

FANG Yun,YANG Chengyu,CHEN Mingqing,JIANG Huiliang(School of Chemical and Material Engineering,Southern Yangtze University,Wuxi214036,China)  
The conception and definition of nanometer and nanostructure is generally discussed and the implication of nanotechnology is also illustrated respectively.Nanotechnology is born,it develops,and culminates but never decline.The background of nanotechnology coming into being is discussedthe most vital technology of scanning tunnel microscopy(STM) and atom force microscopy(AFM) is introduced,which marks the very emergence of nanotechnology and is employed both as a effective characterization means of nanostructure materials and a excellent atom manipulation methods.STM,as well as AFM can be the most important techniques throughout the whole nanotechnology,which is supposed to have a widespread and profound prospect.Nanomaterial is as the most heated and important research field as it is held to be in nanotechnology area,which is discussed from its definition,classification to development prospect in detail.With its totally different properties and characteristics from common bulk materials in various respects because of its special mini size,nanomaterials have being achieved its practical applications and exhibited its potential applications in fairly wide fields.As the preparation methods of various kinds of nanostructure materials as concerned,several comparatively advanced ones such as Sol-Gel,template and self-assembly technologies are discussed in such respects as processes,mechanism and characteristics in preparations.
【CateGory Index】: TB383
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