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《China Surfactant Detergent & Cosmetics》 2004-05
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Electric conductance activation energy and detergency of anionic microemulsion

ZHANG Yu-xi,ZHANG Ju-hua,CAO Zuo-an,CHU Jin-fang,ZHOU Qiao-ping (Department of Chemical Engineering,Beijing Institute of Petro-Chemical Technology,Beijing102617,China)  
Microemulsion system is thermodynamically stable and it can be formed spontaneously,which makes it possible to develop the soaking detergents.The electric conductance activation energy of the system were calculated from electric conductivities of the O/W microemulsions at different temperatures.It was found that the variations of activation energy with water content in the system show a "U-curve".There was a relationship between the conductance activation energy and detergency.When the mass ratio of sodium dodecyl sulfate,n-butanol,xylene and water in the microemulsion is 5∶8∶2.5∶24.5,the detergency of the cotton swatch,which was soiledby crude oil,appears as (75 %).The detergency of microemulsion (system) is better than other systems with same mass ratio of same surfactant.
【CateGory Index】: TQ649
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