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《China Surfactant Detergent & Cosmetics》 2004-05
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Synthesis and properties of dissymmetric Gemini quaternary ammonium salts cationic surfactants

XU Qun,CAO Ming-li,MA Wen-hui,SUN Dong-feng,WANG Wei (Chemical and Chemistry Engineering College of Qiqihaer University,Qiqihaer161006,China)  
The intermediate N-(3-chloro-2-hydroxypropyl)-N,N-dimethyldodecylammonium chloride was synthesized with N,N-dimethyl-dodecylamine,hydrochloric acid and epichlorohydrin as raw materials.Three dissymmetric Gemini quaternary ammonium salts cationic surfactant(Ⅰ~Ⅲ)were synthesized with the intermediate and three different kinds of N,N-dimethyl alkyl amine.Structure of the intermediate and aimed products were identified by~1HNMR and IR.The cmc and γ_(cmc) of these surfactants were determined.The cmc of them are (1.07×10~(-3) mol·dm~(-3));(1.99×10~(-3) mol·dm~(-3)) and 9.55×10~(-3) mol·dm~(-3) respectively,and γ_(cmc)of them are 40.9 mN·m~(-1);48.0 mN·m~(-1)and 50.9 mN·m~(-1) respectively.The results of the study showed that dissymmetric Gemini quaternary ammonium salts cationic surfactant have excellent surface active properties.
【Fund】: 国家重大基础研究前期研究专项基金资助项目(2002CCC01200)
【CateGory Index】: TQ423.12
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