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《China Surfactant Detergent & Cosmetics》 2008-05
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Synthesis and properties of cationic gemini surfactants with amide group

CHEN Feng-sheng,LIU Xue-min,HU Zeng-rong,ZHAO Chong-xuan(School of Chemical and Material Engineering,Jiangnan University,Wuxi 214122,China)  
Lauric,myristic,palmitic and stearic acid reacted with N,N-dimethylpropyldiamine respectively and formed four kinds of 2-(alkylamino)-propyldimethylamine correspondingly.The latter was neutralized by HCl and formed the corresponding hydrochloride salts.The hydrochloride salts dissolved in water and further reacted with epichlorohydrin and four cationic gemini surfactant products were prepared.The products were characterized by IR spectrum,elemental analysis,MS and 1HNMR spectrum.Surface chemical properties of the products were measured.Results showed that after vacuum drying,the active content in the products achieves higher than 98%.The products have high capacity of surface adsorption and micellization.Following the increasing of chain length from lauric to stearic,the cmc declines from 9.12×10-5 mol·L-1 to 3.31×10-5 mol·L-1 and the ccmc /c20 increases from 3.02 to 3.98.Trend of increasing of Krafft point was observed too.
【CateGory Index】: TQ423.12
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