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《Science of Surveying and Mapping》 2006-04
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The basic principle of mensurating astronomical longitude,latitude and azimuth angle

HANG Han-wei~(①②),XU Hou-ze~(②),WANG Ai-sheng~(①②)(① Department of Territory Information and Mapping Engineering,Xuzhou normal university,Xuzhou 221116,China;② Institute of Geodesy and Geophysics,Chinese Academy of Sciences,WuHan 430077,China)  
The conventional methods of geodesy and astrometry have an important meaning whether in basic science or in the construction of national economy and national defence.With the development of space geodesy techniques(VLBI,LLR,SLR and GPS,et al.),the application of classical geodesy and astrometry became less and less in application,but it is indispensability technique in absolute orientation of geodesy,launch of mid and long-distance arms,and in other scientific domains.This paper will introduce the basic principle of mensurating astronomical longitude,latitude and azimuth angle in detail,and summarize status quo and existent problems of geodesy and astrometry.The work of this paper may offer some reference and gist for research on astrometry and geodesy.
【Fund】: 云南省自然科学基金资助项目(2005A0010R)
【CateGory Index】: P128.1
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