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《Science of Surveying and Mapping》 2008-03
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Analyzing the county-level economic spatial-temporal disparities in Xinjiang based on ESDA-GIS

CHEN Xue-Gang①②,YANG Zhao-ping①(①Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Urumqi 830011,China;②Graduate School,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100039,China)  
The issue of regional economic disparity has attracted considerable scholarly attentions.Unfortunately the conventional measures of regional economic disparity mask geographical clustering.Based on the social-economic data from 1978 to 2004 in Xinjiang,this paper utilizes coefficient of variation(CV),spatial statistical and GIS techniques to analyze changing county-level spatial-temporal patterns of regional economic disparity in Xinjiang.CVs for inter-county disparity do not exhibit an invert U-shaped pattern from 1978 to 2004 in Xinjiang.It declined in the 1980s,but has risen substantially since 1990.We also compared the temporal change of the spatial autocorrelation in Xinjiang,and found that there is an obviously temporal increase of Moran's I since 1978 to 2004.That is,there is a dramatic increase of Xinjiang per capita GDP's spatial clustering in the last 20 years.This means that the disparity between rich clusters and poor is enlarging in the same periods.Moran's I scatter plots and LISA(Local Indicators of Spatial Association) cluster maps are used to test the local pattern of Xinjiang economic development.The results of local statistic show that the two types of clusters(High-High and Low-Low) are increasing,which means the heterogeneous is increasing too.
【Fund】: 中国科学院知识创新重要方向项目“中亚区域经济合作与资源生态安全战略研究”(KZCS-SW-355)
【CateGory Index】: F127
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