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《Chinese Journal of Catalysis》 1987-04
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THE NATURE OF TIN IN Pt-Sn/Al_2O_3 CATALYSTS AND ITS EFFECT ON THE ACTIVITY FOR DEHYDROGENATION OF PROPANE

Yang Wei-shen, Wu Rong-an and Lin Li-wu (Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Academia. Sinica)  
Pt-Sn/Al2O3 cat'alysts with high activity and stability have been commercialized for the dehydrogenation of long-chain paraffin. In order to develop this system for the dehydrogenation of short-chain paraffin, a series of Pt-Sn/Al2O3 catalysts with different Sn/Pt atomic ratios was prepared by impregnating y-Al2O3 with various Pt-Sn-Cl complexes. Their activity and stability for the dehydrogenation of propane were determined in a flow reactor under conditions of pressure 0.5kg/cm2, LHSV 4.0h-1 and hydrogen/propane 3:1(mol). The nature of tin in these catalysts was characterized by Mossbauer spectroscopy, TPR and O2 adsorption.The results show that the valence state of tin in Pt-Sn/Al2O3 catalyst plays an important role in the activity and stability of the catalyst for dehydrogenation of propane. When the catalysts were reduced under temperature below 550℃,SnW reduced to SnII,which enhanced the activity and stability for propene formation.While Sn0, appeared only when the catalysts reduced at about 620℃, poisoned the Pt active site and lowered the conversion of propane, The larger the ratio of Sn/Pt is, the higher the extent of Sn0 formation at high reduction temperature. When Sn/Pt was lower, no Sn0 was found even reduced at high temperature.
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