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《Chinese Journal of Catalysis》 1993-04
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SURFACE ACIDITY AND CATALYTIC PROPERTIES OF CROSS-LINKED MONTMORILLONITES CONTAINING MIXED-METAL HYDROXY-NI-AI COMPLEXES

Zhao, Dong-yuan;Yang, Ya-shu;Xin, Qin;Zhang, Hui and Guo, Xie-xian (Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Academia Sinica, Dalian 115023)  
The surface hydroxy and surface acidic properties of various cross--linked montmorillonites (CLM) containing hydroxy-Al,Ni,and mixed--metal hydroxy-Ni-Al complexes have been investigated by IR and NH3--TPD.The effect of preparation methods and Al/Ni ratio on the acidic properties and cumene cracking activity of these CLM has been also studied.The results show that the Bronsted and dominant Lewis acid sites are present in CLM.Surface acidity of CLM probably originates from the pillars and its surface hydroxy group.The thermal stabilities of the pillars affect greatly the surface hydroxy and acidity.Bronsted and Lewis acid sites and cumene cracking activities are increased with the introduction of Ni.NiAl-CLM prepared by substitution method has more acid sites than that prepared by co-polymerization method.
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