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《Chinese Journal of Catalysis》 2000-06
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Alkylation of Benzene with 1-Dodecene Catalyzed by Heteropoly Acids

WEN Langyou 1, SHEN Shikong 1, MIN Enze 2 (1 School of Chemical Engineering, University of Petroleum (Beijing), Beijing 102200, China; 2 Research Institute of Petrochemical Processing, SINOPEC, Beijing 100083, China)  
The alkylation of benzene with 1 dodecene to produce linear alkylbenzene was investigated over heteropoly acid (PW) catalysts (12 phosphotungstic acid and silica supported 12 phosphotungstic acid) compared with zeolite catalysts (HY and Hβ). The physical and acid properties of the catalysts were characterized by nitrogen physisorption technique and n butylaminetitration with Hammett indicators, respectively. The alkylation reaction was carried out in a slurry reactor under atmospheric pressure. The characterization results show that the PW has only superstrong Brnst acid sites, while HY and Hβ have both strong Brnst and Lewis acid sites. Owing to the unique acid properties, PW catalysts can promote the alkylation reaction effectively even at room temperature and produce more desired 2 phenyldodecane isomer. After being supported on silica, the specific activity of PW has been increased by a factor of 17 times and the catalyst life has been improved greatly. These results suggest that heteropoly acid is a novel solid catalyst with better catalytic performance for the alkylation of benzene with long chain alkenes.
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