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《Chinese Journal of Catalysis》 2006-02
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Transesterification of Waste Oil with High Acid Value to Biodiesel Catalyzed by Immobilized Lipase

CHEN Zhifeng,WU Hong,ZONG Minhua~*(College of Biological Sciences and Biotechnology,South China University of Technology,Guangzhou 510640,Guangdong,China)  
The transesterification of waste oil with high acid value and methyl acetate to biodiesel catalyzed by the immobilized lipase Novozym 435 was explored.Novozym 435 can catalyze this reaction,and the methyl(ester)(ME) yield reaches 77.5% after reaction for 24 h,which is much lower than that(86.2%) using refined corn oil as the raw material.The effects of water,free fatty acid,and acetic acid in the reaction system on the reaction were systematically studied.Water has little influence on the reaction when its content is lower than 0.05%,while above this value both the ME yield and the reaction rate decrease with increasing water content.Free fatty acid influences the reaction greatly,and the ME yield drops sharply with increasing free fatty acid concentration.Acetic acid, the by-product formed in the transesterification of free fatty acid with methyl acetate,is responsible for the decrease of ME yield.The addition of organic bases such as trihydroxymethyl aminomethane and triethylamine at a concentration of 10% based on the oil mass to the reaction system can not only speed up the reaction,but improve the ME yield as well,with ME yields being 85.9% and 80.8%,respectively,after reaction for 12 h.The operational stability of Novozym 435 is improved markedly by the addition of bases.Adding trihydroxymethyl aminomethane and triethylamine to the reaction system leads to a retention of 97% and 93% of the original activity of Novozym 435,respectively,after operation of 10 batches,while the control is only 86%.
【Fund】: 广东省科技计划(2003C33102);; 广州市科技计划(2005Z3-D0471)资助项目
【CateGory Index】: TE665
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