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《Chinese Journal of Catalysis》 2006-05
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Preparation of Biodiesel Catalyzed by Solid Super Base of Calcium Oxide and Its Refining Process

ZHU Huaping~1, WU Zongbin~ 2* , CHEN Yuanxiong~1, ZHANG Ping~1, DUAN Shijie~2, LIU Xiaohua~1, MAO Zongqiang~ 2* (1 Faculty of Material Science and Chemical Engineering, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan 430074, Hubei, China;2 Institute of Nuclear and New Energy Technology, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China)  
Biodiesel produced by the transesterification of vegetable oils is a promising alternative fuel to diesel regarding the limited resources of fossil fuel and environmental concerns. An environmentally benign process was developed for the production of biodiesel from jatropha curcas oil using a heterogeneous solid super base catalyst, calcium oxide. The results showed that the base strength of calcium oxide was more than 26.5 after calcination following dipping in an ammonium carbonate solution. A study for optimizing the reaction conditions for the transesterification of jatropha curcas oil was performed. Under the optimum conditions of catalyst calcination temperature of 900 ℃, reaction temperature of 70 ℃, reaction time of 2.5 h, catalyst dosage of 1.5%, and methanol/oil molar ratio of 9, the oil conversion was 93%. The purification of the as-synthesized biodiesel by decalcification agents for eliminating the remaining calcium was investigated. Citric acid showed good performance in decalcification. The properties of the refined biodiesel accord with the domestic and foreign standards.
【Fund】: 清华大学汽车安全与节能国家重点实验室开放基金(KF2005-012)
【CateGory Index】: TE665
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