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《Acta Geodaetica Et Cartographic Sinica》 1994-03
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THE DETERMINATION FOR THE HEIGHT OFQOMOLANGMA FENG AND THE CRUSTALMOVEMENT IN ITS ADJACENT AREA

J. Y. Chen, Y. N. Lin, J. Zhang, J. J. Zhang(National Bureau of Surveying and Mapping. Beijing, 100830)  
:Qomolangma Feng (QF) is the world highest peak. It is situated on the border between China and Nepal, and also located in the collision zone along the boundaries of Eurasian and Indian. In the rdcent 30 years China carried out three geodetic campaigns for the determination of the height of QF and crustal movement in its adjacent area.The height of snow surface of the summit of QF measured with target, is 8848.82m obtained in 1992 and 8849.05 in 1975. The depth of snow on the su mmit of QF is 2.55m measured in 1992 and 0.92m in 1975. The height of the summit of QF then is 8846.27m in 1992 and 8848.13m in 1975. As the depths of snow on the summit of QF in the two campaigns were measured by inserting pole into snow with man pow.er. The inserted force and diameter of the pole were quite different in the two campaigns. Hence it is difficult to find a co mmon standard for the comparison of the two results,The results for the height determination of QF without target in three compaigns have the similar surveying condition, so they can be used for the study of vertical crustal motion of QF.There are an average rate of relative horizontal and. vertical (uplift) movement of QF, the former is 187mm/a in the azimuth of 253 degree, the latter is 37mm/a. The rftference frame for both movements is the points located about 70km north to QF.Taking the same reference frame, the northern adjacent area of QF also has a relative horizontal and vertical crustal movement. The rate of the former is 51mm/a in the same orientation as that of QF, and the rate of the latter is 4mm/a.According to the uplift rate of the crust in QF area, the optimal depth of isotatic compensation and the gravity anomalies, the thickness of the crust in QF area seems to be thicker than that of Yarlung Zangbo River region.The fast uplift rate and the accompanied slow-eastward-moving of the crust in QF area make the accumulation and uplift of landmass in the area possible, as well as create the existing expanding glaciers in QF area.
【CateGory Index】: P227
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