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《Acta Geodaetica Et Cartographic Sinica》 2004-03
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On the Influence of Signal Multipath Effects in GPS Carrier Phase Surveying

YUAN Lin-guo~1,HUANG Ding-fa~1,DING Xiao-li~2,XIONG Yong-liang~1,ZHONG Ping~1,LI Cheng-gang~1 (1. School of Civil Engineering,Southwest Jiaotong University,Chengdu 610031, China; 2. The Hong Kong Polytechnic University,Hong Kong,China)  
Recently GPS technique has not only been used for land surveying but also for monitoring applications that requires more accurate and reliable baseline solutions at millimeter level. In these high precision GPS applications, such as structure deformation monitoring, multipath effects could not be ignored or eliminated by averaging. The influence of multipath effects in GPS carrier phase surveying is theoretically analyzed, the characteristics of signal multipath effects and the effective magnitude of the measurements of carrier-phase are studied. A moving average method of detecting multipath effects in coordinate sequence for a short static baseline is presented based on the previous analysis, and some useful results from the experience are summarized.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(40271091)
【CateGory Index】: P228
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