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《Acta Geodaetica et Cartographica Sinica》 2008-02
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Semantic Analyses of the Fundamental Geographic Information Based on Formal Ontology——Exemplifying Hydrological Category

LI Lin1,2,3,ZHU Hai-hong1,3,WANG Hong1,3,LI De-ren21.School of Resources and Environment Science,Wuhan university,Wuhan 430079,China;2.The State Key Laboratory of Information Engineering in Surveying,Mapping and Remote Sensing,Wuhan University,Wuhan 430079,China;3.The Key Laboratory of Geographical Information System of Ministry of Education of China,Wuhan University,Wuhan 430079,China  
Semantic sharing is the key issue to interoperability in the community of geographic information.By exemplifying inland hydrological categorization in the domain of the fundamental geographic information in China,a discussion is made on the ambiguous semantics of the normative definitions of categories in some specifications.Ontology is regarded as an effective means to overcome semantic barrier in the domain of geographic information.A paradigm of formal semantic analyses of geographic information is put forward in this paper,in terms of the formal ontology.With conceptualization of a category,attributes of a category are used for expressing its semantics.By examining the given hydrological categories,the formal semantics of each geographic concept is explicitly specified by a set of the defined ontological properties over its attributes.
【Fund】: 国家863项目(2007AA12Z219);; 科技部科技基础平台建设专项“测绘科学数据共享服务体系建设”子课题“基于本体论的基础地理空间数据模型的设计及实验”
【CateGory Index】: P208
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