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《Acta Geodaetica et Cartographica Sinica》 2011-03
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Cartographic Model for Topographic Maps Based on Algebraic Structure

LI Lin1,2,ZHU Haihong1,2,HE Biao1,WANG Hong1,3,QIU Junwu1,YU Zhonghai1 1.School of Resources and Environmental Science,Wuhan University,Wuhan 430079,China;2.Key Laboratory of GIS of Ministry of Education,Wuhan University,Wuhan 430079,China;3.Faculty of Resources and Environment Science,Hubei University,Wuhan 430062,China  
A cartographic model being put forward characterizes the process of map-making by a transformation from geographical space to map space based on an algebra structure,and provides with a theoretical foundation and operational guideline for this merging technology.According to cartographic presentations of geo-spatial data in topographic maps,geo-spatial information is abstracted into two elements: geo-features and spatial relationships between the features,and further structured in form of algebra into two algebraic spaces: geo-feature space in a geo-databases world and map-feature space in a map world respectively.The spatial relationships in geo-feature space are modeled by Euclidean space and the spatial relationships in map-feature space are calibrated by the visual cognitive mechanism.The cartographic model is built up by transforming geo-features into map-features which is restrained by the consistent spatial relationships in the two spaces.By defining an equivalent-kernel transform among symbol cells,a map symbolization for feature classes is extended for feature instances,fitting cartographic representations being both specified and universalized.With defining the displacement transform for geo-features,the process of map-making proceeds more smoothly,reducing being intervened to a large extent.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金(40871178);; 国家863计划(2008AA121601;2007AA12Z241;2007AA120501)
【CateGory Index】: P208
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