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《Resources and Environment in the Yangtze Basin》 1992-01
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FISH RESOURCES OF THE YANGTZE RIVER BASIN AND THE TACTICS FOR THEIR CONSERVATION

Liu Jiankang Cao Wenxuan (Institute of Hydrobiology,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Wuhan,430072)  
There are about three hundred fish species in the river system of the Yangtze Riverbasin,over half of which being of the family of Cyprinidae,and most of the importanteconomic species are cyprinids.A brief account of the fish resources in the various reachesof the river is presented,and correspondent conservation measures are proposed in viewof the forthcoming construction of the Three-Gorge Dam.For the upper reaches,effortshould be directed to the preservation of the endemic species for maintaining biological di-versity,and the setting up of a nature reserve for fish species should be contemplated.In the middle reaches,the hydrological requirements for the spawning of the majoreconomic species should be compensated for,and,for the endangered species,artificalpropagation and releasing of fingerlings to the river should be strengthened;meanwhilethe protection of young fish is of much importance in most lakes.In the Iower reaches,heed is to be given to the water quality of the river,for which the criterion for thedischarge of industrial wastewater should be observed.In the estuarine area,it is prop-osed that the period from 15 June to 31 July every year be closed to certain fishinggears for the sake of saving juvenile sturgeons.
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