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《Resources and Environment in the Yangtze Basin》 1992-01
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ECOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS AND FISHERY RESOURCES OF THE YANGTZE RIVER ESTUARY AND ADJACENT SEA

Luo Bingzheng (Institute of Oceanology,Academia Sinica,Qingdao,266071)  
Estuaries have been playing a important role both in the development of humansociety and in multiplication and evolution of organisms.To many species and theirpopulations,estuaries serve as breeding and feeding grounds.To some others,they areused as a only route to and from rivers and the sea.Because fresh water flowing intoestuaries is rich in nutrient estuaries have been claimed to be the most productivenatural habitants in the world.Within them,every ecotype of aquatic organism lives;living resource is very abundant.Fishery is well developed in estuarine areas andadjacent sea.Estuaries have important significance both for recruitment of fisheryresources and for maintenance of ecological balance.A estuaries is a Place whererivers meet the sea and come under the influence of the tide of the sea and therunoff of the rivers forming a comples dynamic zone which is clealy characterised bytransitional conditions acording to the seasonal change.Estuaries have multipurposevalues to mankind but are extremely vulnerable to impacts from man's activities.Forexample,the construction of Three Gorge Project and the exploitation of Pudong in Sha-nghai are bound to cause some far-reaching disturbance to the estuarine ecosystem ofChangjiang River.Nowadays,the effects of man's activities on estuaries are greater andgreater.Therefore,it is necessary for us to take intensive studies and comprehensivetackles of estuaries,and so as to protect the balance of estuarine ecosystem and fishe-ries resources.
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