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《RESOURCES AND ENUIRONMENT IN THE YANGTZA BASIN》 1999-02
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MAJOR PROBLEMS AND COUNTERMEASURES OF THE ENVIRONMENT SUPPORTING SYSTEM OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN THE YANGTZE RIVER BASIN

Liu Jian(Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, The Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing, 210008)  
The sustainable development depends on the normal coordinating operation of five supportingSystems, i. e. the intelligence supporting system, the resource supporting system, the environment supporting system, the power supporting system and the process supporting system. Theenvironment supporting system is one of the important aspects. Now the environment supportingsystem is fragile and the eec-environmental problems are grave in the Yangtze River Basin. If wedo not take effective measures to solve these problems, the sustainable development in theYangtze River Basin is impossible. Based on reliable material, this paper makes a systematic exposition of the available space for sustainable development, analyses the major problems of the environment supporting system in the Yangtze River Basin, and suggests some countermeasures tosolve these problems. According to the research, the main problems of the environment supportingsystem in the Yangtze River Basin are: aggravated soil erosion, serious water pollution and lack ofqualified water, the seriously polluted air condition and eec-agricultural environment, and the increasing natural disasters especially flood and water logging damage. To solve these problems, thefollowing measures should be taken: building Yangtze River shelter forest, adjusting energy andeconomic structure, increasing investment, enhancing the enforcement of law, and integratedharnessing of air and water pollution.
【Fund】: 中国科学院重大A项目!KZ-951-A1-202
【CateGory Index】: X22
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