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CHEN Xi qing (State Key Lab. of Estuarine & Coastal Research, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China)  
This paper deals with the water resource problems in the major transboundary rivers and from the interbasin water transfer. The disputes and conflicts, arising from the different stands about the water rights between the basin states, are discussed with reference to the international rules about the shared water. The environmental impacts of the interbasin water transfer are evaluated with respect to the past experience in China and in other parts of the world. Four fundamental principles are proposed for the interbasin water transfer projects to be constructed in the coming decades in China: 1) The precondition is that it will exert no adverse impacts on the society and economy in Changjiang River delta; 2) The final solution to resolve the water problems in the North China is dependent on the efforts within the individual drainage basins; 3) The ultimate objectives of the interbasin water transfer are to help improve and reconstruct the ecosystem and environment in North China, rather than to simply meet the increasing demand for water resource there; 4) The efficient and fundamental approach for resolving the water shortage problem in the North China must be based on the adjustment of irrigation agriculture, industrial enterprises, pollution control and wastewater treatment,etc.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金!“长江枯季入海流量变化的历史与趋势研究” 批准号 :4 99710 71;;国家教育部重点科学技术基金!“南水北调背景下长江
【CateGory Index】: F323.213
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