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《Resources and Enuironment In The Yangtza Basin》 2001-01
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ECONOMIC COMPENSATION FOR ECO RECONSTRUCTION IN UPPER BASIN OF THE YANGTZE RIVER

ZONG Zhen ling\+1,OU Ming hao\+1,DONG Yuan hua\+2,YANG Lin zhang\+2 (1.College of Land Management, Nanjing Agriculture University, Nanjing 210095,China;\ 2.Institute of Soil Science, The Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008,China)  
The deterioration of eco environment in the upper basin of Yangtze has attracted the attention of the public. In the course of eco reconstruction,many problems will be encountered, such as occupation problem,food problem and financial problem. Financial problem is rudimentary. The people in the upper basin of the Yangtze River may not be able to complete the eco reconstruction on their own. According to the principles of pay use,and considering efficiency and fairness and utilizing the thinking of game theory, the authors proposed the building of an economic compensation system in combination of the inner compensation, outer compensation and gap compensation in order to turn the coordination among the economics, environment and society into reality. In the early period of eco reconstruction,the external compensation and gap compensation are the major steps and the internal compensation may be complementary; After the economics in the upper basin has been improved,the internal compensation is the major steps,while external and gap compensations are complementary.The internal compensation is to explore the latent potential of resource and economics in the upper basin,external to enhance the ability of creation of the upper basin,gap to create better policy environment,in addition to investment.
【Fund】: 中国科学院资源与生态环境研究重大项目!(KZ95 -A1- 2 0 2 - 0 2 - 0 3)
【CateGory Index】: X171.4
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