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《Resources and Enuironment In The Yangtza Basin》 2001-05
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NATURAL PURIFICATION RATE OF LAKE DONGHU IN WUHAN AFTER POLLUTION-CUTTING ENGINEERING

JIANG Jian guo\+1,SHENG Yun fen\+2 (1.College of Food and Bioengineering, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510640,China;\ 2.Institute of Hydrobiology,The Chinese Academy of Sciences,Wuhan 430072,China)  
According to the water quality data obtained in monitoring Lake Donghu for several decades, the detailed deduce and scientific demonstration of the restoring rate of Lake Donghu with the natural purification is conducted by authors in the premise that no new pollutants get into the lake after the pollution-cutting engineering. The results show that it needs about only 3 years for the restoration by the nutrient substance outputting with the water usage of industry, agriculture, people and the yielding of fish and advance plant without regarding of the substrate sludge. But once regarding of the releasing of the nutrient substance deposited in the substrate sludge for several decades and the output by water usage and biological yielding, it will be take about 35 years for the water restoration. This shows that the water of the lake will be in the condition of eutrophication for a long time after purification cutting engineering. The substrate sludge is the main factor causing eutrophication and the key of resolving the pollution problem of the lake is the clearing of substrate sludge. Hence it is concluded that it should be necessary to dig the bottom mud and draw the water of Changjiang River into Lake Donghu in order to accelerate the improvement of the water quality.
【Fund】: 加拿大国际发展研究中心 (IDRCFile :91 0 176 0 2 );; 广东省自然科学基金 (990 874)部分资助
【CateGory Index】: X524
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