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《Resources and Enuironment In The Yangtza Basin》 2002-01
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CARRYING CAPACITY OF RESOURCES AND PROBLEMS OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN YANGTZE BASIN

LIU Zhao de\+\{1,2\},YU Xiao gan\+2 (1.Department of Geography,Qufu Normal University, Qufu 273165,China;2.Nanjing Institute of Geography & Limnology,The Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008,China)  
This paper uses methods of relative carrying capacity of resources. The relative carrying capacity of land resources,relative carrying capacity of economic resources and synthetic carrying capacity of resources of Yangtze Basin have been calculated from 1988 to 1998.Thus conclusions were drawn: (1) the economics resource is the principal resource to support population and the synthetic carrying capacity has been the state of overload from 1988 to 1998;(2)the relative carrying capacity is very different in this region,the synthetic carrying capacity of Shanghai and Jiangsu has been the state of relative enough from 1988 to 1998,Zhejiang has been the state of relative enough since 1993; the synthetic carrying capacity of Anhui,Jiangxi,Hubei,Hunan,Sichuan and Chongqing has been the state of overload from 1988 to 1998.The natural resource is the principal resource of the middle and upper reaches of Yangtze Basin.The economic resource is the principal resource in lower reaches of Yangtze Basin;(3)the ecological environment of upper reaches has become bad,and the contradiction between human and environment systems of lower reaches becomes various,which are the main problems on its way towards the sustainable development direction.
【Fund】: 中国科学院知识创新项目“沿海地区人地关系演化机理与调控途径研究”(KZCX2 30 7)与 (KZCX2 311)重大项目 (A)“长江流域生态环境建设与经济持续发展研究”(编号KZ95 1-A1-2 0 2 )联合赞助
【CateGory Index】: F205
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