PRESENT STATUS OF TAXUS RESOURCES AND INDUSTRIAL DEVELEPMENTSTRATEGIES OF TAXOL IN CHINA
WU Yan\+1,LIU Qing\+1,HU Ke\+1,XU Wei hong\+2 (1.Chengdu Institute of Biology,The Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041, China;2 Sichuan Jiufeng Natural Medicine Co.,Ltd,Maoxian 623200, China)
Shortage of Taxus resources restricted the industrial development of taxol in China. To solve this problem, the principal approaches are reasonable utilization of natural resources,artificial growing of Taxus and innovation of tissue culture technology. The authors analyzed the natural distribution and amount of resources in China, summarized the achievements of growing through cutting and overviewed the progress on tissue culture of \%Taxus\% species. By comparing the above approaches and their feasibilities, we concluded that the most practical means to industrialization of the taxol is to plant Taxus in large scale and in a standardized way. In the mean time,utilization of the twigs and needles of Taxus species in a planned and reasonable measure are suggested.