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《Resources and Environment in the Yangtze Basin》 2002-06
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LAND USE/COVER CHANGES IN DONGTING LAKE AREA BETWEEN 1955~1998

ZHAO Shuqing, FANG Jingyun,CHEN Anping,CHUI Haiting (Department of Urban and Environmental Science, and MOE Laboratory for Earth Surface Process, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China)  
Land use/cover changes and their landscape structures in Dongting Lake area during 1955~1998 were identified by using Landsat MSS of 1978, TM satellite imagery of 1989 and 1998, along with digitizing topographical maps of research area surveyed in the 1950s. The land coverage was grouped into five types: water body, wetland, cropland, forest and settlement, and overall classification accuracy on Landsat satellite imagery for periods of 1978, 1989 and 1998 were all above 80%. By applying Geographical Information System (GIS), spatial patterns of land use/cover in different stages were explicitly explored. By overlaying four classification maps, the percentage of each type of land use/cover converted into other categories was computed. The area of water body consistently decreased by 1 460 km\+2 over last fifty years, of which 970.57 km\+2 was shrinked between 1955~1978, which was respectively 2.23 times and 18.05 times of that during 1978~1989 and 1989~1998. While the area of wetland increased gradually, its area in 1998 was respectively 1.46 times, 1.41times and 1.09 times of that in 1955, 1978 and 1989. Cropland area percentage increased from 54.70% in 1955 to 62.15% in 1978 then decreased to 51.88% in 1989, and to 48.17% in 1998. The area of forest decreased by 17% between 1955~1978, compared with a noticeable increase by 57% during 1978~1989, and a slight increase by 11% during 1989~1998. Changes of settlement showed an urbanization process in recent fifty years. All these changes were driven by the complex interactions of physiographic and socioeconomic factors.
【Fund】: 国家重点基础研究发展规划项目(编号:G2000046801).
【CateGory Index】: F301.24
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