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《Resources and Environment in the Yangtze Basin》 2003-03
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YU Xing-xiu 1,2 ,YANG Gui-shan 1 (1.Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology,The Chinese Academy of Sciences,Nanjing210008,China;2.Graduate School of The Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing100039,China)  
The environment effects of land use/cover change will become the focus in the future.Based on remote sensing images and water quality dataset of Xitiaoxi Catchment in1985,1995and2000,land use/cover change map and land use matrix were made.This paper analyzes the temporal-spatial regulation of land use/cover change over the last15years followed by the analysis of the correspondence relationship between the land use/cover change and water quality change.The area of arable land decreased continuously while the constructive area expanded all the time.The woodland area increased slowly after a period of going down.The variation trends of landscape structure are patch-fragmented and types of landscape simplified.The land use/cover change of Xitiaoxi Catchment has caused distinct water environmental effects by Nonpoint pollution source while the point source only increase6.5%of water quality.The water quality gradually deteriorated along the river from upper reaches to lower reaches mainly due to the land use change.So,in the future,the highest priority measure to improve water quality of Xitiaoxi Catchment should be controlling Nonpoint pollution resources.
【Fund】: 中国科学院知识创新工程方向性项目(KZCX2-311和KZCX2-310)联合资助.
【CateGory Index】: X825;F301.24
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