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《Resources and Environment in the Yangtze Basin》 2004-05
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COMPREHENSIVE APPROACH TO SOLVE THE ECO-ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEM IN THE MINING AREA OF TONGLING CITY,ANHUI PROVINCE

WANG Bo~1,YE Xin-cai~1,CHENG Cong-kun~2,HU Zhi-rong~2,XING Xiu-shun~2,FANG Qian-yin~2 (1.School of Economics, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan 430074, China 2.Land and Resources Bureau of Tongling City, Tongling 244001, China)  
The paper presents major eco-environmental problems in mining areas in Tongling City. The problems can be divided into three categories: first, emission and pollution of the "three wastes" of the mine; second, damaged mining eco-environment of the mine; and third, geological disasters in the mining area. A comprehensive solution for these problems can be formed from the three aspects: management system, economy, and technology. For the first aspect, an eco-environmental protection regulation for the mining area should be well established; an environmental permit system should be set up; and some environmental protection targets as well as evaluation standards for them should be reasonably established. For the second aspect, a system for protecting property right of the eco-environmental properties of the mine has to be established; and a mechanism for encouraging investment from different channels should be formed to develop environmental protection industry in the area. For the third aspect, technologies of cleaning production for the mining industry, land reclamation and ecological reconstruction of the mining area, and balancing groundwater in the mining area should be developed. In addition, scientific research and international cooperation for environmental protection of the mine are also needed.
【Fund】: 国土资源部矿产资源规划 (铜陵市矿产资源总体规划 )项目资助
【CateGory Index】: TD88
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