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《Resources and Environment in the Yangtze Basin》 2005-01
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DYNAMICS OF LANDSCAPE ECOLOGY IN NANJING CITY REVEALED BY RS AND GIS

YANG Ying-bao~(1, 2), JIANG Nan~1,SU Wei-zhong~3 ,ZHENG Guo-qiang~3(1. Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, The Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, China; 2. Graduate School of The Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039, China; 3. Department of Urban and Resource Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China)  
This paper studied the dynamics of landscape pattern in Nanjing city since 1986 by using GIS and major landscape index with Landsat TM imageries in 1986, 1994, 2000, the topography map of 1:100 000 in 1973 and current land use map of 2000. The results showed that landscape structure of Nanjing City changed dramatically in the course of rapid urbanization. The natural and semi-natural landscape such as cultivated land, greenbelt, water and unused land became man-made landscape. In general, landscape diversity and average area of the patches increased. Fragmentation Fi, separation Ni, and lacunarity A(r) decreased. The urban exploitation becomes regulated and rational. But the different landscape factors in the same time or the same landscape factor in different years had different change modes. The speed of urban expansion is rapid from 1986 to 1994 in which the area of the man-made landscape increased largely, the area of cultivated land, greenbelt and unused land decreased, the patches distribution was not well-proportional and Fi increased,with its speed declined during 1994 ~ 2000 when the exploitation of Nanjing city became disciplinary and the patch distribution tends to be uniformal with Fragmentation Fi, separation Ni, and lacunarity A(r) decreasing barring cultivated land.
【Fund】: 中国科学院知识创新工程方向性项目(KZCXZ-310)
【CateGory Index】: TU984
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