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《Resources and Environment in the Yangtze Basin》 2008-01
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ANALYSIS ON THE CHANGE OF LAND USE STRUTURE AND ITS DRIVING FORCE IN HUBEI PROVINCE

HU Xian-hui~(1,2) ZHANG Xia~1 YANG Gang-qiao~1 (1. College of Economics and Land Management, Huazhong Agricutural University, Wuhan 430070 ,China; 2. College of Resource and Environment Science, Hunan Normal University ,Changsha 410081,China)  
Land use and cover change (LUCC) and its driving force is an important research subject of glob- al environment and sustainable development. Based on the sample units of 76 counties (cities) and the sta- tistical data from 1996 to 2004 of Hubei Province,9 types of land use structure changes were analyzed. It was found that cultivated land area decreased considerably during the period, and the area of unused land and grass land also decreased; forest land area increased quickly, and residential and industrialland,garden land, other farmland, transportation land and water conservancy land also increased to some extent. Then, driving forces of land use in Hubei Province were analyzed statistically using canonical correlation analysis (CCA) method and taking the 76 counties as study units. The results showed that the relationship between land use structure and social economy in Hubei Province could be exhibited by four couples of canonical variables. (1) The first canonical variable showed that cultivated land and residential and industrial land were more remarkable among all land use types,and their canonical loading data were 0.95 and 0. 97 re- spectively; the corresponding explanatory variables included rural population, GDP and total output of grain with canonical loading data 0. 84,0. 82 and 0. 96 respectively. (2) The second showed that forest land was remarkable with its canonical loading being 0.88; the corresponding explanatory variable was popula- tion density with its canonical loading-0. 83. (3) The third showed that transportation land was remarka- ble with its canonical loading being 0. 43; the corresponding explanatory variables included urbanization level, per income of citizen and the gross industrial output value of industrial enterprises above designated size,and their canonical loading data were 0.37,0.49 and 0. 34 respectively. (4) The fourth showed that water conservancy land was remarkable with its canonical loading being 0. 58; the corresponding explana- tory variable was per income of villager,and its canonical loading was 0. 40.
【Fund】: 湖北省国土资源厅科技项目(ETZ2004B01);; 华中农业大学科研资助项目(2006110)
【CateGory Index】: F301
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