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《Resources and Environment in the Yangtze Basin》 2009-02
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SITUATION AND PROBLEM ANALYSIS OF WATER RESOURCE SECURITY IN CHINA

ZHANG Li-ping1,2,XIA Jun3,HU Zhi-fang1(1.State Key Laboratory of Water Resources and Hydropower Engineering Sciences,Wuhan University,Wuhan 430072,China;2.Wuhan Institute of Heavy Rain,China Meterological Administration,Wuhan 430074,China;3.Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100101,China)  
According to the latest results of the investigation and assessment of water resources in China,the current situation and features of water resources in China were analyzed:rich total,small per-capita quantity;uneven distribution among years and occasion,frequent droughts and floods,obvious contradiction between water supply and demand;uneven space distribution,imbalance between water and soil resources;low utilization rate of water resources and serious pollution.On this basis,the main issues existing in water resources security in China are showed in this paper:floods and drought hinder the economic development;water shortage and waste coexist;ecological degradation and serious water pollution;industrial structure and layout are unfit for water conditions;lack of scientific system of water resource management.The contradiction of water resource in China will be more intensified in the 21st century.Large-scale reforms and strong measures must be curried out to promote reasonable utilization and protection of water resources.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金(50879061、40730632、40675070);; 科技部公益研究项目(2005DBI3J101)
【CateGory Index】: TV213.4
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