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《Resources and Environment in the Yangtze Basin》 2010-S2
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RUAN Jun-jie1,HUANG Shen-fa2,WANG Qing2,WANG Min2(1.School of Environment Science and Engineering,Donghua University,Shanghai 201620,China;2.Shanghai Academy of Environmental Sciences,Shanghai 200233,China)  
Coastal tidal marshes in Shanghai,which are fragile and sensitive to environmental changes,play very important roles in maintaining biodiversity and estuarine ecosystem stability.However,over the last decades they have severely suffered from human activities such as land reclamation.Consequently,the structures and functions of the ecosystems are greatly threatened.In this study,we carried out field surveys as well as remote sensing analysis using Landsat TM/ETM+ data to demonstrate the development dynamics of the tidal marshes and reveal the impacts of diking on these areas in the past 20 years.The results showed:①the tidal marshes in Shanghai are distributed in the coast of the continent and the islands in the Yangtze River estuary,and the area has reached 330.75 km2;②the marshes have been expanding seaward in the past 20 years,and the coastline has been extending as the average annual rate of 100 ~ 300 m eastwards to the sea with the tidal development;③several large reclamation have taken place in the coast in Shanghai in the past 20 years,and the cumulate area of diked marshes is over 653.54 km2 from 1987.The continuous land reclamation have caused the great reduction of the area of wetland and the intertidal vegetation,which have caused great biodiversity loss and ecological degradation.Therefore,for the purpose of wetland conservation,the utilization of the tidal marshes such as land reclamation must follow the principle of dynamic protection,and ecosystem restoration is necessary in the tidal marshes in Shanghai.
【Fund】: 上海市环境保护局项目“上海主要滩涂湿地生态服务功能评价与保护对策研究”
【CateGory Index】: X37
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