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《Acta Sedimentologica Sinica》 1983-02
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GEOLOGICAL MODEL OF PALEOTEMPERATURE AND CALCULATION OF OIL GENERATION PERIOD IN THE BZ AREA

Zhou Zhengyi Liu Dehan Sheug Guoying ( Instiitute of Geochemistry, Academia Sinica )  
In this paper the paleotemperature in the BZ area of Tarim Basin is studied and its geological model is made.There was a local thermal alteration at high temperature at the end of the Paleozoic as a result of a large scale igneous rock intrusion, whereas the gradients of paleotemperatures of the Mesozoic stratum and Cenozoic stratum are lower in this area.Although the crude oil from Z-1well is produced from the lower Carboniferous system, its source rock seems to be middle-upper Carboniferous carbonate distributed in the southern BZ area.The result calculated from TTI value shows that the source rocks buried within 5000-6000 metre deep are still at their main oil-forming stage. The comparison between the solid bitumen reflectivity and vitrmite reflectivity through simulation experiments of thermal alteration has shown that the paleotemperature may be determined by the reflectivity of bitumen-thermal alteration.The correct geological model of paleotemperature may be used to calculate the oil-forming period and to direct effectively the exploration of oil and gas.
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