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《Acta Sedimentologica Sinica》 1983-03
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SEDIMENTARY FEATURES OF THE “INTRAPLATFORM TROUGH” FACIES IN THE MIDDLE AND LATE DEVONIAN,HUNAN GUANGXI PROVINCES

Chen Zhiming Yang Peiji Pan Zhengpu Hou Kui Liu Guoliang (Institute of Geology, Academia Sinica, Beijing)  
The deeper-water facies, a special type of sedimentary facies, is distributed in the carbonate platform with shallow-water and very shallow-water environment of the Middle and Late Devonian, Hunan and Guangxi Provinces. The deeper-water facies is called "intraplatform trough" facies, which appears as a belt. The paleotectonic framework in this area was established by Caledonian movement. The structural lineament is mainly of NE-SW trend and secondly of NW-SE trend. The development of Devonian system and lithofacies differentiation were obviously controlled by paleotectonics. Two sets of the deposits belonging to the different facies in the same stage were present in the M. Devonian. Nandan type represents the "intraplatform trough" facies deposited in the deeper water, consisting of black mudstone, knotty limestone, siliceous rock, and is characterized by luxuriant floating organisms. In the Middle and Late Devonian period the sedimentary sequency in the foregoing intraplatform trough "was greatly changed owing to the variance of its paleogeographic locality, water deepth and flow regime. In the Zhoujiawan profile of central Hunan, mudstone is the main representative of the lower part of the Middle Devonian, while its upper part is composed of marl interbedded with knotty limestone. In the Putou profile of Chengbu, there is mainly marl, having occasionally intercalated beds of knotty limestone. The lower parts of Dachang and Luofu profiles are made up of mudstone and their upper parts intercalated with marl and siliceous rocks. During the Late Devonian, the sedimentary sequence in the "intraplatform trough", which is very regular in lithological evolution, is as follows ( in order from bottom to top ) : siliceous rock, lenticular limestone(or banded limestone), argillaceous limestone and marl. In the "intraplatform trough" there are various types of sedimentary rocks. Among them, the main types involve marl, argillaceous limestone, mudstone ( or shale ) , knotty limestone ( or lenticular limestone ) , banded limestone, micritic limestone and siliceous rocks and others. The "intraplatform trough" is basically characterized by such petrographic associations. On the basis of its petrographic association, several lithofacies can be divided as follows: mudslone-marl; black mudstone; siliceous rock and siliceous rock-lenticular limestone. According to the petrographic associaton, primary sedimentary structure and organism associations and so on, it seems valid to consider thc"intraplatform trough" to be in the deeper-water environment of shallow sea. The differentiation of the "intraplatform trough" facies from carbonate platform facies was influenced by paleotectonics so as to result in two kinds of sedimentary environments. It would be possible that the difference of hydro-dynamic condition was responsible for the differentiations of sedimentary facies. The weaker hydrodynamics in the deeper water of the "intraplatform trough" and the stagnant water basin were favourable for the deposition of argillaceous, whereas the stronger hydrodynamics in shallow water environment of carbonate platform was favourable for carbonate deposition instead of that of argillaceous and siliceous materials.
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