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《Acta Sedimentologica Sinica》 1985-01
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THE SEDIMENTARY STRUCTURES AND THE FACIES MODEL OF THE LATE PLEISTOCENE EOLIAN BIOCALCARENITES IN SHIDAO ISLAND OF XISHA ARCHIPELAGO

Ye Zhizheng He Qixiang Zhang Mingshu Han Chunrui Li Hao Wu Jianzheng and Jui Lianjun (Institute of Marine Geology, Ministry of Geology and Mineral Resources)  
Shidao Island, the highest one among the Xisha Archipelago, is some 15 meters above sea level. The sequence of the biocalcarenites occurred on the island is characterized by the alternation of that with cross-beddings and parallel beddings. Owing to the misinterpretation of the sedimentary structures, it has caused some con troversaries. The materials of the biocalcarenites are obviously from the destruction of the contemporaneous reef complex. Most of the grain components range in medium to fine sands with perfect roundness. Three kinds of boundary surfaces have been found in the sequence. First-order boundaries are marked with the occurence of paleosols which is nearly horizontal. The paleosols, which indicate a non deposition period and a change of climate, are characterized by the decementation and phosphorization of the rocks, and the occu- rence of continental snail fossils. Wide distributed rhitholiths demonstrate the growth of plant during the stage of pedogeriesis. The second- order boundaries are those between dune deposits and interdune deposits. They are formed by the climbing of the dunes and interdunes under the action of NE-trade wind.The boundaries slightly dip at an angle less than 10° against the wind direction and comparable with the boundaries found in modern eolian deposits. The third-order boundaries are the boundaries of cosets, which incline exclusively windward. Based on the principles of comparative sedimentology, the first-order and third-order boundaries are isochronous, but the second-order bouiidories only of facies. At least two first- order boundaries occur in the sequence of biocalcarenites on the island. The lower one might be traced on the whole island and is 20-30cm in thickness. The upper one is coincident with the modern topographical surface. The dune deposits, usually 3-7m in thickness, have well-preserved cross-beddings on great scale, including trough cross-beddings, convex cross-beddings and planar cross-beddings. The dip argle of the cross-beddings may reach 35 or so. The interdune deposits show roughly paralled bedding,but in fact, they are all cross-beddings with very small dip angle. In conclusion, the coexistence of the three boundary surfaces and the dune and interdune deposits marks the feature of the eolian biocalcarenits. A facies model showing in figure 15 is proposed, which may be used elsewhere, Based on the data of C14 dating collected from the previous works, the authors believe that the biocalcarenites on Shidao Island were formed some 3200 years ago when the sea level stood at a low level, then the island passed a transgression period with alternation of dry and wet weather. All the controversaries might be solved by the model mentioned in the paper.
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