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《Acta Sedimentologica Sinica》 1986-04
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FEATURES OF THE DIAGENETIC AND RESERVOIR OF PERMIAN ORGANIC REEF IN SOUTHWEST GUIZHOU PROVINCE

Chen Xueshi ( Zhejiang Institute of Petroleum Geolgy )  
The Permian organic reef in Southwest Guizhou Province began to be formed in the middle-late Maokou age of Early Permian and continuously developed until Late Permian.The organic reef may be considered as a kind of margin-plat form reef. The reef-building zoolites were chiefly Spongia and Hydrozoa, secondly Tabulata and Bryozoa. However, Cyanophyta which played an important part in the process of reef-building took shape of cohesion and encrustation in appearance. There were also some commensaliam in the reef, such as Crinoidea, Brachyopoda, Foraminfera, Fusulinids, Gastriopoda.Chlorophyta and so on. They correspondingly formed frame-building rocks, frame building obstructed rocks, obstructed rocks, cohesive rocks and bioclastic limestone. The reef-rocks during their forming process underwent through various diagenetic environments from the sea floor,the atmospheric fresh-water, the regional underground water to the karst erosion belt of deep-buried and hypergene fresh-water. In the environment of sea floor there was the dominance of biogenic agency, such as cohesion, encrustation and fibrous cement with zonal structure was formed. In the influent belt of atmospheric fresh water the early dissolution formed the intergranu-lar and inner-granular pores and the influent silt. In the underground flow belt of atmospheric fresh water pore and crack were filled up by cement of lamelar or grainy calcite, the cementation with the neogenic deformation and compaction meant a great deal. In the mixed belt there were dolomitization and silicification. In the environment of regional underground water the remainder pore-crack of reef rocks were filled by rhombohedral macromeritic calcite of third or fourth generation, which was the cement of the latest generation. In the deep-buried environment of there were chiefly pressolution and recrystallization with the formation of replacement and tectonic crack In the karst erosion belt of neogenic fresh water the percolating and dissolving of atmospheric fresh water led to form pores and fissures of dissolution which were incompletely filled by fresh water calcite. From what has been mentioned above, it can be seen that the dissolution and cementation run through all the precess of diagenesis and control the evolution of pore-crack. Division of the diagenetic stage and the relation between the diagenesis of bioherm and oil-gas reservoir are given a discussion in this paper. It must be pointed out that protogenous pores of the reef rock were mostly changed and filled up after the reef rock was lifted up to expose to the air during the Dongwu and Suwan tectonic cycle. The reef-rock suffered leaching of atmospheric fresh water and formed a lot of pores and fissures of dissolution. They could become effective reservoirs of oil and gas.So the Dongwu tectonic cycle in the end of Early Permian and the Suwan tectonic cycle in the end of Late Permian led to form two unconformable interfaces. The eluvial zone in the top of the reef-rock but under the two uuconformable interfaces could form the reservoir rocks of oil and gas.
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