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《Acta Sedimentologica Sinica》 1992-01
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Features and Significance of Seismites From Upper Jurasic Lacustrine Deposites of Emei, Sichuan

Wu Xiantao Yin Guoxun (Institute of Fossil Fuels, Jiaozuo Mining College)  
The rapidly development of event stratigraphy in the past decades strengthen the concept that the stratigraphical record is coined by rare and short-term catastrophic events rather that by "fair weather"conditions.The authors focus cn a kind of high-energy events and their geological records, i.e., the seismic deposites or more correctly specifical sedimentary structures caused by earthquake. Here is an example in the Upper Jurassic non-marine deposites from Emei County, Sichuan Province in which five sedimentary horizons with characteristic sedimentary structures are well developed and are thought to have been produced by seismic events.They are from the bottom to top: 1. undisturbed bed: lamination is left undeformed, while microfaults may be present in the beds at a distance of a few centimeters. 2.microfault bed: three microfaults can be recognized in the section of 2.8 meter long and they are all normal fault, the thickness of this bed is about 15-30cm. 3.pleated bed: 6-27 cm thick folded lamination is quite clear in this horizon and a recumbent fold can be seen at the left side of the section. 4. rubble bed: it is characterised by smaller fragments of the original sediments which were broken to pieces by earthquake shock and seperated in the soupy matrix with varying orientations.The thickness of this bedisl6-28cm. 5.homogenized (soupy) bed: there are no laminations in this uppermost bed.It implies that a kind of liquefaction caused by seismic shock may have destroyed all the structures of the uppermost layer.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目 编号4840053
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