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《Acta Sedimentologica Sinica》 2001-01
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Study of Characteristics and Kinetics of Catalytic Degradation of Asphaltene

LI Shu yuan GUO Shao hui SHEN Run mei (University of Petroleum,Changping Beijing 102200)  
The thermal simulation experiments on the catalytic degradation of Dongying asphaltene have been carried out by using pyrolysis gas chromatography at the presence of mineral and salt. The isothermal experimental data are used to develop a kinetic model of the generation of the pyrolysates including gas hydrocarbon, light hydrocarbon and heavy hydrocarbon. It is found that K 2CO 3 acts as a catalyst to promote the generation of all pyrolysates. At the temperature of 570 ℃, the yield of total hydrocarbons is increased by about 20% in the presence of K 2CO 3. Montmorillonite increases the yeild of gas and light hydrocarbon but decreases the yield of heavy hydrocarbon. At the temperature of 570 ℃, the yield of total hydrocarbons is increased by about 10% in the presence of montmorillonite. The higher activation energy is obtained for the generation of heavy hydrocarbon in the presence of montmorillonite while the lower activation energies are calculated for other pyrolysates. Finally, the mechanism of catalytic degradation of asphaltene is tentatively investigated.
【Fund】: 石油天然气集团公司和石油大学总校基金资助项目
【CateGory Index】: P593
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