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《Acta Sedimentologica Sinica》 2001-04
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Tectonic Uplift and Sedimentary Evolution of the Guide Basin in the Northeast Margin of Tibetan Plateau in Cenozoic Era

SONG Chun hui FANG Xiao min GAO Jun ping SUN Dong FAN Ma jie (National Laboratory of Western China's Environmental Systems, College of Resource and Environment, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000)  
There are lots of different viewpoints about the uplift of the Tibetan Plateau in the world. The paper provides the proofs for recovering the history of the plateau uplift by studying Cenozoic stratigraphy of Guide Basin in the northeast Tibetan Plateau. Cenozoic stratigraphy was deposited in Guide Basin widely and seven sedimentary facies associations are recognized. They are interpreted as the deposits of deep gravelly braided, delta, debris flow dominated braided, shallow and half deep lake, fan delta, gravelly braided and piedmont proluvial systems, respectively. The relationship between the sedimentation of Guide basin and the uplift of the Tibetan Plateau reveals that the Plateau has experienced six phases in Cenozoic era: preliminary uplift phase (Late Oligocene), relatively stable and denudation planation phase (Early Miocene), little scale uplift phase (Late Early Miocene), stable and denudation planation phase (Middle Middle Miocene to Late Middle Miocene), sustain and stepwise uplift phase (8.2~3.6 Ma), rapid and intense uplift phase (3.6~0 Ma). The uplift in 3.6 Ma is an important stage of Cenozoic tectonic movements, before then the absolute elevation of Guide Basin was below 1 000 m and since then tectonic movement became more active to form more complex topography . So the uplift of Tibetan Plateau is a process of multiple phases, unequal speed, and irregular movement.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金 (批准号 :49871 0 1 0 );; 教育部科学技术研究重大项目 (0 0 - 0 5);; 国家重点基础研究发展规划 (编号 :G1 9980 4 0 80 9)资助项 目
【CateGory Index】: P512.2
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