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《Acta Sedimentologica Sinica》 2003-02
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Study of Lower Tertiary Organic Geochemistry and Their Sedimentary Environment in Wuyang and Xiangcheng Saline Sag, Henan,China

ZHAO Quan-min1 YANG Dao-qing2 JIANG Ji-gang3 PENG Jiang2 XU Shi-zhong2 1(China University of Geoscience,Wuhan 430074) 2(Henan Petroleum Explore Bureau, Nanyang Henan 473132) 3(Jianghan Petroleum Administration, Qiangjiang Hubei 433124)  
In lower tertiary,There are a suit of saline lacustrine sediments in Wuyang and Xiangcheng subdepression. A clear correlation exist between sedimentary environment and organic geochemistry in studying area. The organic matter content in salt water-saline lacustrine sediments is the highest and the abundance in the front of delta and fan-delta higher while the content in the plain lower. In hydrocarbon source rocks, shale and oil shale are characterized by the high content of organic matter while gypseous and salt mudstone by the low , between them are dolomitic and carbonaceous mudstone and muddy dolomite and mudstone. The organic matter types are dominated by Ⅱ 1 and secondly by Ⅰ.Also few Ⅱ 2 exist. Generally, Ⅰand Ⅱ 1 organic matter exist in saline lake while Ⅱ 2 and Ⅲ in the front and plain of delta and fan delta respectively. Biomarker compounds show that the source rocks are deposited in the high salinity and reducing to strong reducing environment. The n-alkanes of the source rock display a bimodal carbon number distribution with an odd-over-even predominance (OEP1). The content of pristine and gammacerane is high and the ratio of pristine/phytane is 0.04~0.72while the phytane/C 18 n-alkane greater than 4. The β-carrot alkane, hopene , hopanes and thionic aromatic hydrocarbons extend widely and the ratio of Ts/Tm is greater than unity. Dehydroxyltocopherols is widely spread with the 5 configurations of δ, 6-methyl-MTTC, β, γ and α. The hemi-saline water and saline facies can be distinguished availably by the triangle chart of Pr/Ph、Pr/nC 17 and Ph/nC 18 value.
【CateGory Index】: P593
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