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《Acta Sedimentologica Sinica》 2006-02
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Mesozoic Sandstone Composition in the Qiangtang Block,Tibet:Implications for Tectonic Setting

ZHANG Yu-xiu~ 1, 2 ZHANG Kai-jun~ 1,3 XIA Bang-dong~ 3 Xie Yao-wu~ 4 (1. Key Laboratory of Marginal Sea Geology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510640; 2.Graduate School, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049; 3.Department of Earth Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093; 4.Geological Survey of Xizang, Lhasa 851400)  
One-hundred-and-fifty-four Mesozoic sandstone samples from the Qiangtang block (ca. 33°~35°N, 85°~93°E) were conducted for analysis of detrital modes, in an attempt to evaluate their provenance and the type of tectonic setting in which they were deposited. The Lower-Middle Triassic sandstones (Q_ 61±8 F_ 27±13 L_ 12±10 , Qm_ 59±8 F_ 28±13 Lt_ 13±9 , Qp_ 28±22 Lvm_ 72±22 Lsm_ 0±0 ) in central Qiangtang are characterized by complex derivations from both recycled orogen and continental block provenances. The most of the Upper Triassic (Q_ 78±12 F_ 7±7 L_ 15±11 , Qm_ 77±12 F_ 7±7 Lt_ 16±11 , Qp_ 16±11 Lvm_ 30±35 Lsm_ 54±33 ), Lower Jurassic (Q_ 83±20 F_ 2±2 L_ 15±22 , Qm_ 79±23 F_ 2±2 Lt_ 19±24 , Qp_ 35±19 Lvm_ 0±0 Lsm_ 65±19 ), Middle Jurassic (Q_ 69±22 F_ 6±6 L_ 24±25 , Qm_ 67±22 F_ 6±6 Lt_ 26±24 , Qp_ 14±22 Lvm_ 32±38 Lsm_ 54±38 ), and Upper Jurassic (Q_ 80±17 F_ 6±4 L_ 14±17 , Qm_ 78±17 F_ 6±4 Lt_ 16±16 , Qp_ 17±23 Lvm_ 27±35 Lsm_ 56±34 ) sandstones are dominated by recycled orogen origin. However, the sandstones that were derived from continental block source also exist in the southern margin of southern Qiangtang and in the Lower Jurassic strata in the southern margin of northern Qiangtang. It could have contained abundant ophiolitic fragments and other readily-decomposed ferromagnesian minerals across the entire anticlinorium. These mafic minerals point to the presence of the Shuanghu suture along the entire central Qiangtang anticlinorium and the blueschist-bearing metamorphic complexes in central Qiangtang could be accommodated in a large-scale enclave in an irregular central Qiangtang continental margin. The distribution of Mesozoic recycled orogen-derived sandstones on Qiangtang indicates a contraction background, supportinga tensile mechanism for back-arc spreading along the Bangong-Nujiang belt.
【Fund】: 中国科学院“百人计划”;; 中国科学院边缘海地质重点实验室研究基金(MSGL04-14)资助
【CateGory Index】: P588.212.3
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