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《Acta Sedimentologica Sinica》 2012-05
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Environmental Changes Inferred from Environmentally Sensitive Grain-size Component Records in Chaiwopu Lake,Xinjiang

MA Long1 WU Jing-lu2 JILILI Abuduwaili1(1.State Key Laboratory of Desert and Oasis Ecology,Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Urumqi 830011; 2.State Key Laboratory of Lake Science and Environment,Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences,Nanjing 210008)  
Grain-size analysis of a sediment core CW02 and surface sediments of the drainage area,retrieved from Chaiwopu Lake of Xinjiang,were carried out using a Malvern 2 000 grain-size analyzer.Combining with 137Cs dating,a continuous high-resolution record of environmental changes was studied over the past 150 years.Firstly,according to primary components analysis of the contents of different grain-size,the material source of lake sediment was discussed.It showed that the large particle fraction of lake sediment was from the drainage surface sediment.And then,environmentally sensitive grain-size components were extracted by the variations of the grain-size standard deviation.The results indicated that the content/mean-size of sensitive grain-size component(20~209 μm) is sensitive to the regional sand-dust storm events in Chaiwopu lake basin.During the last 150 years,the strong sand-dust storm occurred during 1910—1930AD and 1980—2000AD.Historical documents also recorded the strong dust storms around 1910s and 1980s.Based on the analysis of the abrupt change points,the sediment grain-size increased abruptly around 1910AD,which indicated an abrupt environmental event.
【Fund】: 中国科学院知识创新重要方向性项目(编号:KZCX2-EW-308;KZCX2-YW-GJ04);; 中国科学院“西部之光”人才培养计划西部博士项目(编号:XBBS201106)共同资助
【CateGory Index】: X16
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