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《ACTA SEDIMENTOLOGICA SINICA》 1996-S1
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The Evaluation of Coal-Measure Source Rocks of Coal-bearing Basins in China and Their Hydrocarbon-Generating Models

Xiao Xianming; Liu Dehan; and Fu Jiamo (Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510640)  
Detailed research has been done on organic petrology and geochemistry of the coalmeasure source rocks sampled from typical coal basins in China. The following acknowlegements have been obtained:1) Coals can generate a large amount of gas as well as some liquid hydrocarbons during the thermal-maturation evolution. The source matter which can generate oil in coals includes not only exinite, but also desmocollinite and even a part of telocollinite.2) Coal macerals are the main parameters to evaluate the hydrocarbon potential of coalmeasure source rocks. According to the Rock-Eval and element analysis results,the coalmeasure source rocks can be subdivided into four types: c, Ⅱ c,Ⅲ c and Ⅳ c.Ⅰc and Ⅱ c can generate a large amount of oils and may form coal-generated oil and gas fields under the suitable geological background. However,type Ⅲ c and Ⅳ c can mainly generate gas.3) The hydrocar bon-generating patterns of coals mainly depend on the types and amount of hydrocabron-generating macerals. On the base of the hydrocarbon-generating patterns of coal macerals, the hydrocarbon-generating model for the four types of coal-measure source rocks has been suggested. This model will be very useful to the evaluation and exploration of coal-measure source rocks of coal-bearing basins in China.
【Fund】: “八五”国家重点科技攻关项目
【CateGory Index】: P618.130.1
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