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《ACTA SEDIMENTOLOGICA SINICA》 1998-03
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Fluxes and Constituents of Particulate Matter in the South China Sea in Comparison with Sediment Accumulation Rates

Chen Jianfang 1 Zheng Lianfu 1 Chen Ronghua 1 Zheng Yulong 1 Chen Wenbin 1 M. G. Wiesner 2 H. K. Wong 2 1 (Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration, Hangzhou\ 310012) 2 (Institute of Biogeochemistry and Marine Chemistry, Uni  
Time-series sediment trap experiments covering the periods from September 1987 to October 1988 in the northern South China Sea and from December 1990 to April 1995 in the central South China Sea were carried out in order to measure the fluxes and constituents of particulate matter. Particle fluxes in northern and central South China Sea are about 90 mg·m -2 ·day -1 and 85~90 mg·m -2 ·day -1 ,respectively. Significant increases of the fluxes are observed during the periods of northeast and southwest monsoons. The main components of the particulate matter in the central South China Sea are carbonate (25.3%~61.0%), opal (15.3%~49.9%), organic matter (1.6%~12.5%) and lithogenic matter (12.2%~42.0%). Interestingly, in the northern South China Sea,opal only comprised 0.4%~2.5% of the total fluxes while lithogenic matter occupied 33.0~67.0%.Carbonate,opal and organic matter are mainly derived from recent calcareous and siliceous plankton,and as for lithogenic matter,besides fluvial sediment discharge,aeolian transportation may also play an important role to increase lithogenic flux. The decreases of total flux as well as carbonate,opal,organic matter fluxes with depth are mainly caused by dissolution of carbonate and opal in water column.Organic matter loss with depth is attributed to dissolution of plankton shells which contain abundant organic matter as well as their biogeochemical degradation processes in water column. The much higher fluxes recorded in deep traps than in shallow traps in some sampling intervals suggest that advect of particulate matter in the water column is very frequent. In comparison with sediments in the deep basin of the South China Sea, it shows that most of the marine biogenic constituents such as carbonate, opal and organic matter dissolved before their reaching at the bottom. So it is obviously that the decreases of organic matter in sediments are not only result of decomposition of these organic matter,but also caused by dissolution of carbonate and opal. Lithogenic accumulation rates in sediment are much higher than its fluxes in the deep water column suggest that about 30%~60% of the deep basin sediments are contributed by near bottom sediment transportation mechanisms such as turbidites, especially in the northern part of the deep South China Sea.
【Fund】: 中德合作与国家自然基金
【CateGory Index】: P736.21,P512.3
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